Better Time and Method of Sowing:
Time and method of sowing may be the major cause of low yield in wheat. In normal course, the sowing of wheat must be completed in the month of November. But in some cases, wheat grown after Cotton, Rice, Sugarcane and fodder crops in rotation may be delayed up-to December. The zero tillage technology may be adopted in rice wheat growing area, where wheat is grown as Dubari crop on residual moisture after rice, without initial tillage practices. The seeds may be drilled directly using zero tillage drill in rice areas, after soil comes in condition. This method would show better yield performance.
The delay in sowing of wheat in different crop zones may be hazardous to crop yields, due to poor crop growth during delayed periods, which might show negative effects on yield contributing parameters. The method of sowing is also important feature in wheat production technologies to enhance crop yields. Drilling method has far better qualities such as to keep proper space between rows, which would help to reduce crop competition, make easiness in controlling weeds and removing hard pan of soil by weeding and inter culturing practices during initial growth period.
This also helps in to dressing of fertilizers and spraying of crop. Harvesting becomes much easier by local method using sickle and combines harvesters. But, wheat can also be grown by broadcasting method, which do not encourage inputs to be utilized properly and there is no way out to provide better environment to the crop for its vigorous growth and yield increase.