Equipments / Machinery Types Used in Wheat Crop Cultivation

mouldboard plough

Is a unique implement which is directly mounted to the tractor. This is a hydraulically operated basis implement for preparation of land. It is very useful in very hard land condition and in soils.

tine tillers

Ideal for general cultivating, weeding, pasture renovating and preparing seed beds. The tiller is available in different widths 9,11 and 13 tines. The tiller is fully mounted on the tractor. The continual flexing action of the tines shatters the soil, breaking up the clods. The tiller is fitted with reversible shovels which are designed for deep penetration. A deep working depth is possible in most soils and is simply controlled from the tractor seat. Cultivator is most commonly used in Pakistan for field preparation. It essentially has tines with reversible high carbon showel points at the end arranged in two rows on a sturdy steel frame. Depth of operation is controlled by tractor hydraulic.

Disc Plough

It is a plough with its large steel disc. A disc plough works well in the conditions where Mould Board plough does not work satisfactory. It is more useful for deep ploughing It can be used in stony and stumpy soil without much danger of breakage. It works in loose soil also without much clogging.

disc harrow
Disc Harrow is very commonly used equipment in Pakistan for field preparation and used prior to harrow especially in fields with big shrubs and wild grass. It essentially has high carbon discs arranged in two rows on a sturdy channel frame. The front row has seven scalloped discs and the rear row has seven plain discs and it is ideally suited for 40 HP tractor. Depth of operation is controlled by tractor hydraulic. It is also available in 16 discs.
farm trolley
Farm trolley is usually 2 wheels or 4 wheels type (non-tipping / hydraulic tipping) depending on the usage requirements. They can be hitched to any make or model of tractor. The trolley is provided open able panels for loading/unloading the material on the trolley.
bed planter
The bed plantation of crops is being limited to saline and hard soil, but now a days this method of cultivation can also be adapted to normal soil for low cost of production. By this method of cultivation, along with low cost of production, at least 30% water can also be saved. The crop can also be protected against flood water and unexpected raining to some extent. Depth of seed, and seed to seed distance can also can be adjusted as required one to four seeds can be planted at a time.
Rotavator is a rotary tillage implement driven by PTO (Power Take of) which cuts, mixes and levels the soil in single pass. Rotavator can be used in any type and texture of soil rotavator can be used for any type of crop especially for uprooting the stubbles of sugarcane, cotton, banana and jowar etc. Rotavator helps the farmer to catch the season because the harvested plot can be immediately rotavated fixing the rotavator to tractor is a simple as fixing any other implement which needs no alternation of any special skills.
Seed Cleaner Grader
The cleaned and standard seed is guarantee of successful cropping. It is used to prepare cleaned and standard seed of rice, wheat and maize for sowing. The preparation of seed for new sowing is a hard task. It is proved by practical, that if the weight of one thousand grains of wheat is more than 45 grams than by using this seed will give more production. Basically, the seed cleaner grader is a machine, which cleans and separates the seeds into grades. In this machine the lighter material is separated by fan and heavy material like seed of weeds sized less than 3 mm, sound pratical, flies, thin straws and weak seeds can also be separated from healthy seeds. The rubber balls are used to check the blocking of holes of sieves. This machine is mounted on an iron frame heaving two wheels. It can be shifted from one place to an other place very easily. The working capacity is one ton per hour.
wheat thresher
It threshes the wheat to separate the grains and straw. Along with wheat, mustard and soyabean can also threshed with this thresher it is the result of vast experience and tireless working of many years. Without standing on the height, the wheat can be put into the thresher by standing on the ground level very easily. Two or four man can work easily. It is soundless and does not over load the tractor if any technical problem occurs, over field service team handles it immediately.
border disc
This machine is to formed the ridges around the fields. The straight and strong ridges can be formed by it in short time and by less working. There are bushes and grass on the edges of field, which effect the beauty of field and also create the problems in plowing. Therefore it is very difficult work to form the new ridges but border disc machine makes it very easily.
fertilizer spread
This machine is attached at the back of tractor and driven by PTO, with the help of this machine, the fertilizer spread over the field uniformly and production of crop increases. This spreading of fertilizer over the fields and plants in very easier through this machine. Its saves the time and also distributes fertilizer uniformly over the field. When the mixture of fertilizers are required to distribute in the field, then this job can be done by this machine very easily and quickly. The uniform distribution of fertilizer in field increases the crop production.
chisel plough
This plough is best for those lands particularly having upper layer of soil more fertilized than deep soil, and also have place salt at deep layer of soil. After using chisel plough, the natural factors like air, sunlight and rain water can effect the soil's layers. In this way the natural fertility of the soil increases significantly before the cultivation of wheat, cotton, sugarcane and before tree plantation, if deep ploughing is done with chisel plough then the growth of these crops and plants increases extra ordinary. The chisel's tines can be adjusted at different position for ploughing in lines at different distance and different depth. Chisel plough is best for “ Barani land” especially, because it maintains the upper layer of soil as such and with out disturbing and crumbling of upper soil it only breaks the deep soil. In this way the moisture due to rain water conserves for long time decide this the upper layer of fertilizer soil conserves against the erosion due to fast raining and air blowing.
seed drill
Seed drill is best agricultural machine to cultivate the crop in lines. Due to usage of drill, all agricultural operations like mud raising and weeds killing etc become very easy. The rate of seed sowing and line to line distance can also be adjusted. In this way, the sowing of crop becomes very easy. The pointers facilitate to keep the lines straight the usage of seed drill increases the production. Seed drill is available with or without fertilizer falling system.
chaff cutter
Heavy Duty This chaff cutter is used in big farms 20 HP electric motor is used in it. From 8 to 10 tons per hour production can get from it. Chaff cutter is designed to give more production in lesser time. Two sharped steel cutters are fixed on its wheel it can cut all kind of green fodder. Standard Size It is light weight and can easily be fixed on its four steel legs. It can be operated by a man or a 2 HP electric motor can be fitted to operate it.
Reeper machine is used for cutting the crop of rice and wheat. It is a machine with high speed. In one time it can cut 7 ft lengthy crop. The length of machine is 7 feet 8 inch and width of machine is 6 feet 7 inches. It can easily be run by HP electric motor or more.